Overview of the Republic of Sudan:
In 2010, Sudan was considered the 17th fastest-growing economy in the world, and the rapid development of the country largely came from oil profits even when facing international sanctionsz. Because of the secession of South Sudan, which contained over 80 percent of Sudan's oilfields, Sudan entered a phase of stagflation, GDP growth slowed to 3.4 percent in 2014, 3.1 percent in 2015, while inflation remained as high as 21.8% as of 2015. However, Sudan has massively large areas of cultivatable land, and its agricultural sector employs roughly 80% of the Sudanese population. Agricultural production remains Sudan's most important sector contributing by 39% of the GDP.
Sudan, once the largest and one of the most geographically diverse states in Africa, split into two countries in July 2011 after the southern part of the country voted for separation. Sudan was formerly the largest country in Africa with a total area size of 2,505,813km⊃2;, and since 2011, Sudan became the third largest country in Africa with a total geographical area size of 1,861,484 km2 after Algeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest.
The legal system in Sudan is a mix derived from the English Common Law and Islamic Sharia law. The British rule over Sudan left a two-tier main court system: The Mohammedan Law Courts dealing with Islamic personal law matters such as marriage, divorce, inheritance, children, trusts etc., and civil law courts dealing with all other criminal and civil law litigation. But all of this changed when the Government back then decided to merge all the court systems into a unified system in 1973 when the codification of laws was carried out with diligence and hence creating the Sudanese legal system. The courts in Sudan ranges between the Supreme (High) Court at the very top to the simple Town Court. Sudan has a Constitutional Court, separate from the Judiciary. That Court is empowered to look into the constitutionality of all laws adopted by the legislature and to decide on cases where persons allege that their rights have been violated in contravention of the guarantees provided for in the Constitution.